– Minimum size of the enclosure should be a footprint of 36” x 24” for one turtle; however the larger, the better.
– Enclosure should be constructed with solid non-transparent walls that are high enough to keep the turtle from climbing out, and should have adequate top or side ventilation.
– An outdoor enclosure should be provided in addition to an indoor enclosure.
– The minimum size of the enclosure should be a footprint of 48” x 48” for one turtle; however the larger, the better.
– The enclosure should be constructed with solid non-transparent walls that are high enough to keep the turtle from climbing out.
– Protection from pets and predators must be provided.
(For Indoor Enclosures)
– Primary basking heat should be provided from an overhead heat bulb. A daytime bulb should be used during the day to provide heat and light. Supplemental heat at night may be required from a non-light emitting bulb.
– Artificial UV light should be provided from a UV fluorescent strip light.
– A day-night light cycle should be provided. Daytime bulbs (both heat and UV) should be on for approximately 12-14 hours during the day and off for approximately 10-12 hours at night.
– Temperature should be monitored with a reliable digital thermometer or heat gun.
– Natural substrate that is safe and free of chemicals and fertilizers must be used. The substrate should be able to hold humidity well. Examples of appropriate substrate include top soil, cypress mulch, coconut coir, etc.
– A water dish that the turtle can easily climb in and out of should be provided.
– There should be at least two hides in the enclosure, one on the warm end and one on the cool end.
– Other decorative items such as fake plants, rocks, etc. are recommended.
– Box Turtles are omnivores. Plant material should be provided as fresh greens, vegetables, and fruits. Animal protein may be provided in the form of live or pre-killed insects, worms, and mollusks.
– Commercial pelleted or canned “complete” diets may not be used as a primary diet staple.